Randomized Control Trial (RCT)

A randomized control trial (RCT) is a type of study that looks at how well a medical or therapeutic treatment works. In an RCT, participants are randomly assigned to either the intervention group (receiving the treatment being tested) or the control group (receiving a standard treatment, a placebo, or no treatment). The goal of randomization is to even out any systematic differences between the two groups and make it more likely that they can be compared fairly. 

The process of an RCT typically involves the following steps:

The main goal of an RCT is to provide evidence on the efficacy of the intervention being tested, and to determine if it is superior to the standard of care or placebo.